DAC Collection Artist Information
Claude Lorrain, aka Claude of Lorrain or Gellée
French painter and draftsman, active in Italy
Brief biography, in most instances from the Union List of Artist Names® Online:
Claude was a very prolific painter, and is often considered the greatest of ideal landscape painters. He was born of peasants Jean and Anne (or Idatte) Gellée in the village of Champagne, then in the independent duchy of Lorraine. Due to an inaccurate inscription, his birth date was long believed to be 1600, but it is now believed to be 1604. His early training is uncertain, but it seems as if he went to Rome at age 13 or so, perhaps as a pastry cook, and then probably went to Naples, where he studied painting. He was highly regarded as an artist. His landscapes depict an image of nature more beautiful and better ordered than nature itself, often including pastoral scenes with shepherds guarding their flocks. He refined the theme, first seen in Venetian painting around 1510, by using light as the principal means both of unifying the composition and of lending beauty to the landscape. His popular works embodied the courtly values of 'high finish' and decorum; among his most important patrons were members of the European nobility and higher clergy.
Artist ID number in the Union List of Artist Names®: ULAN 500115366.
The ULAN link above leads to a cataloging authority record at the Getty Research Institute.
Objects related to Claude Lorrain, aka Claude of Lorrain or Gellée:
|Claude Lorrain||The Rape of Europa, 1634||Etching|
|Claude Lorrain||Seaport with a Round Tower, 1635-1636||Etching|
|Claude Lorrain||The Flight into Egypt, 17th century||Etching|
|Claude Lorrain||Cattle Drinking, 17th century||Etching|
|Richard Earlom after Claude Lorrain||The Coliseum and Other Ruins, 1774||Etching and aquatint printed in brown ink on laid paper|
ULAN biographical content is displayed with permission of the Getty Research Institute. Some ULAN content in some DAC artist records has been lightly edited. Content from the Getty Research Institute is © 2019 The J. Paul Getty Trust. All rights reserved.