Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University

DAC Collection Artist Information

Robert Motherwell

American painter, printmaker, and author

Brief biography, in most instances from the Union List of Artist Names® Online:
Motherwell was a major figure of the Abstract Expressionist generation, his work encompassing the automatism of the Surrealists, the expressive brushworks of action painting, and the saturated hues of field painting. At the age of eleven, he was awarded a fellowship to the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, and went on to the California School of Fine Arts in 1932. He received his BA in philosophy from Stanford University in 1936. Motherwell began his career as a painter in 1939 in Paris, where he had his first solo exhibition, and studied art history from 1940 to 1941 at Columbia University in New York. There he met Roberto Matta, Meyer Schapiro, and other exiled European artists associated with Surrealism. Emotionally charged brushwork and severely structured abstract were painted during this period, but in 1943, Motherwell produced a series of dark, menacing works in Response to World War II. The work for which he is best known, the series "Elegy to the Spanish Republic XXXIV" (1953-1954), are large abstracts that reflect his generation's despair at the lost cause of the Spanish Civil War. During the 1950s, Motherwell spent most of his time lecturing and teaching, notably at Black Mountain College in North Carolina. It was during this time he worked on his most influential literary achievement, "The Dada Painters and Poets: An Anthology" (New York, 1951). In 1952, Motherwell and Ad Reinhardt produced the journal "Modern Artists in America." Motherwell and Helen Frankenthaler were married from 1958 to 1971. From 1968 to 1972, Mortherwell worked on a series of paintings called "Open," which reflected the new style of color field painting. His later works returned to more traditional Abstract Expressionist vocabulary. American painter, printmaker, and author, and a major figure of the Abstract Expressionist generation.

Artist ID number in the Union List of Artist Names®: ULAN 500016415.
The ULAN link above leads to a cataloging authority record at the Getty Research Institute.

Objects related to Robert Motherwell:

Robert Motherwell Automatism B, 1965-1966 Lithograph printed in black ink on Rives BFK paper
Robert Motherwell Gauloises Bleues, 1968 Color aquatint with collage on Dutch etching paper
Robert Motherwell Dutch Linen III, 1974 Lift-ground aquatint on grey linen wove paper
Robert Motherwell To the Paintbrush, 1969 Soft-ground etching with aquatint printed in ochre ink on wove paper
Robert Motherwell Tricolor, 1973 Lithographic collage printed in three colors on white wove paper
Robert Motherwell Untitled, 1957 Grease/graphite pencil drawing on lightweight white wove paper mounted on lightweight board, torn and mounted on lightweight wove paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite A, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite B, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite C, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite D, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite E, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite F, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite G, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite H, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite I, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
Robert Motherwell Madrid Suite J, 1966 Lithograph on Arches Cover paper
http://dac-collection.wesleyan.edu/art36956 is a persistent link to this page with no user-session information.

ULAN biographical content is displayed with permission of the Getty Research Institute. Some ULAN content in some DAC artist records has been lightly edited. Content from the Getty Research Institute is © 2017 The J. Paul Getty Trust. All rights reserved.

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